One might wonder why one of the major thoroughfares in
At the time of his marriage, Pershing was a captain in the U.S. Army. His father-in-law happened to be the chairman of the Senate Military Affairs Committee. Supposedly, Sen. Warren corresponded with his old ranching and hunting companion, President Theodore Roosevelt, and asked what could be done for his new son-in-law.
Another title bestowed on Pershing was General of the Armies, which was invented specifically for him. George Washington was awarded the same honor posthumously.
There are two theories regarding Pershing’s nickname, "Blackjack." One theory states that it arises from his ruthlessness in commanding the soldiers. The other theorizes that he gained the nickname because he advocated the use of the US Colored Troops in combat rather than relegating them to support operations in the rear. He was also concerned with their well-being. Whichever theory you believe, both say that the nickname was an accolade.
Although Pershing was very successful in his position as Commander-in-Chief of the victorious Allied Expeditionary Forces during World War I, all of his missions weren’t quite so outstanding. In 1917, Pershing led the Punitive Expedition into
General Pershing’s military career was one of the most successful in American history. His personal life, however, was not nearly as blessed. In 1915, General Pershing returned to his command on the Mexican border, and his family moved to the Presidio in
General Pershing, who never remarried, returned to
Centennial Historical Committee,
Col. Gerald M. Adams, USAF (Ret.), The Post Near
History Channel documentary on Pershing and several Internet sites.